If you are interested in growing vegetables in your backyard or in the house without ruining your green grass then you should follow the following tips as it will save you time, money and you can do it in your home without having a gardener looking after them. It’s easy, simple and works every time.
1- Grow Fruits and Vegetables in Containers
Containers are a great option for those with limited or no ground space, and for newbie gardeners who don’t want to commit to digging just yet. They’re also a beautiful addition to a larger garden or in a small home. Growing in containers can be easy if you set it up the right way.
2- Finding the Right Soil
Just like with any type of gardening, successful container gardening starts with the soil. Healthy soil leads to healthy plants. Find the right soil for your container as regular gardening soil may not have a better yielding result at the end.
3- Make Your Own Potting Mix
You can also make your own custom mix by combining peat moss (best bought in bales at your local garden center) with compost (your own or bagged) at about a 2:1 ratio. You can also throw in a little perlite, a common ingredient in bagged mixes, to make your custom mix lighter and more apt to retain water.
4- Choose the Right Container
There are about as many container types as there are plants suitable for containers, including upcycled ones, so your imagination is the limit. But it’s important to think about three things: size, materials and drainage.
5- What Edibles Can You Grow in a Pot?
Almost any fruit or vegetable plant can be grown in a container or pot, provided your container is large enough, but it helps to choose varieties specifically bred for small spaces. You can easily grow herbs, peppers, tomatoes, onions, eggplant, summer squash, and greens, as well as broccoli, cabbage and other cool-season crops in spring and fall. You can choose form variety of options
6- Go Deep With Root Crops
Root vegetables such as radishes, carrots and beets also grow well in pots that are deep enough, at least 12 inches deep so it will be better to choose large and deep containers for them.
7- Try Fruit Trees and Shrubs
Fruit trees, especially dwarf varieties, can also be grown in large pots and make beautiful statement pieces for a patio garden. Depending on the type and your climate, you need to be prepared to bring these pots inside during the colder months, so plant caddies or pots with casters are an especially good idea for these plants. You can also try dwarf varieties of blueberries and raspberries in containers.
8- Design Thyme
Planting taller vegetables, like tomatoes, with lower-growing herbs and flowers will encourage pollinators and create a balanced container garden. Tall, spiky plant in back, a mounding plant in the center, and a trailing plant in the front — works great for edible containers as well.
9- Water Often
Plants grown in containers need to be watered more often than in-ground gardens, because containers have less soil and dry out more quickly. How often will depend on your climate, what you’re growing and the type of container material you choose (clay more often, plastic less often, as described previously). Distribute water well and gently using a watering can or a watering wand on the end of your garden hose.
10- Don’t Forget Mulch
However you water, be sure to add mulch to retain soil moisture in your container gardens just as you do in in-ground beds. Hardwood bark mulch isn’t great for vegetable gardens, including containers, because it takes too long to decompose and ties up nutrients in your soil. Instead, choose cedar or cypress (from sustainably grown sources), which have the added benefit of deterring some insects. Oat or wheat straw can be great, just be sure you get seed-free straw, otherwise you’ll be pulling grass out of your containers for months.
Because pots need frequent watering, fertilizers can get diluted more quickly than with in-ground gardens. Use a liquid fertilizer that’s meant to be mixed in water, such as organic fish fertilizer. You can also mix in a time-released fertilizer or an organic fertilizer that includes microorganisms to encourage soil health.