The Real Reason Behind Child Labour in Pakistan

Child labor is a major problem in our country that continues to grow with each passing day. While poverty is considered the lonesome cause for child labor, it is not. Many other aspects influence this in many developing countries such as Pakistan, further pushing the labor market downhill.

A society in which the labor intensive production techniques are used, harbors the most child labor cases, while poorly endowed households contribute to it. High unemployment, unequal distribution of resources and a high dependency ratio lead children into child labor, however the gender of the child (males with a higher probability of doing market work, while females are engaged in homely management), lack of education in the parents and older siblings also play a role.

A study concluded that a child’s earning in the household’s total earning is considerably higher in Pakistan than in Peru, where the struggle to survive drives the incidence of child labor. While another proposes that the rich do not send their children to work, while the poor do; poverty being a major determinant of child labor. The child’s wages, parents earning capacity, composition and household expenditure also play an important role.

Commonly, the father’s income reflects the socioeconomic status of a household, while his earnings reflect the stability in occupation, income and socioeconomic status of the household. People working white-collar jobs are less likely to send their children to work, while those working blue-collar jobs are more likely to send their young to work for the income of the household. Thus the supply of child labor will be lower where the father’s income is stable. 

It can also be seen that uneducated or poorly educated parents are another cause for child labor. Educated parents are aware of the need of their child to be educated, while illiterate people consider it a waste of money and time. So they take into consideration the direct cost of educating their children; thus a negative relationship forms between parental education status and child labor. The more the parent is educated, the less the prevalence of child labor.

So in conclusion there’s a pattern here: lack of education causes unemployment, unemployment causes poverty and as a result poverty leads to increased rates for child labor to make both ends meet in a household. This is why the importance of education is so stressed, education is the solution to almost every problem this world faces this day and lack of it is only contributing to more troubles. The sooner this problem is realized, the sooner we can begin to make amends.


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