The most important element of end of Ramadan and commencement of celebration of Eid is Sadqat ul Fitr what in general is known as “fitrana”. The word Fitr itself means the breaking of fast, so its actually completing the period of fasting by giving away your sadqaat. Sadqat ul fitr is given to the needy and poor before Eid so that they can fulfil their needs prior to Eid.
Sadqat ul Fitr is a Wajib- compulsion on every Muslim who is living a fulfilling life. It is made obligatory for the head of the family to pay for all his family members. There are no conditions like who has to pay Fitr, anyone who thinks that he can afford is liable to pay fitrana. It is calculated as 2.50 wheat per head in the family. Suppose if there are 7 people in your home, the 2.5 kg wheat per head will become 2.5*7= 17.5 kg. Thus the family will pay the money equivalent to the 17.5 kg raw wheat to the poor. This is not a huge amount which cannot be paid so it should be paid some days before eid. The minimum standard is wheat, if you afford you can also pay equivalent to dates or raisins. The second high rates are of dates and the most highest are of raisins. The rates of Fitrana vary every year according to the rates of the defined anaj by the government. Following are the rates of this year:
Anaj PKR per head
According to the narrated history the companion of Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم Umer (RA) used to pay the Fitrana before two days of Eid ul Fitr. It is the best way so that everybody can enjoy on Eid. According to hadith:
“Prophet Muhammad (SAW) made it incumbent on all the slave or free Muslims, male or female, to pay one Sa’ of dates or barley as Zakat-ul-Fitr” (Bukhari).
Ibn Abbas reported that: “The Prophet (SAW) made Zakat ul-Fitr compulsory so that those who fasted may be purified of their idle deeds and shameful talk (committed during Ramadan) and so that the poor may be fed. Whoever gives it before Salah will have it accepted as Zakat, while he who gives it after the Salah has given Sadaqat.” (Abu Dawud)
May ALLAH accept the effort we have done in Ramadan and may our fasts get affirmation by Him. Ameen!