Pharmaceuticals & medicines is an ever growing business, globally. In Pakistan, there’s an ever increasing shortage of medical supplies. The proposed project is a well-built medical store with all of the product range in stock for sales. The proposed Size of the medical store should be around 750 sq. feet. The proposed project is based on well-established pharmaceutical retail chains of Pakistan.
This venture entails setting up a Medical Store in big cities of Punjab i.e. Lahore, Rawalpindi, Faisalabad, Multan, Sialkot, etc. The outlet would be located in commercial markets of middle to upper middle income group residential areas, clinics and hospitals. The product range offered in the proposed Medical Store is a blend of both multinational and national companies’ products and general products (Food Supplements, Toiletries, Shampoos, Soaps and Diapers (sanitary napkins). The proposed medical store will remain open for 16 hours (2 shifts of 8 hours each).
Pakistan has a very vibrant and forward looking Pharmaceutical Industry. At the time of independence in 1947, there was hardly any pharmaceutical industry in the country. Today Pakistan has about 800 pharmaceutical manufacturing units including those operated by 25 multinationals present in the country. Pakistan’s Pharmaceutical Industry meets around 70% of the country’s demand of finished medicine. The domestic pharmaceutical market, in terms of share market is almost evenly divided between the local and multinational companies.
Pakistan’s Pharmaceutical Industry is a success story, providing high quality essential drugs at affordable prices to millions. Technologically strong and self-reliant national pharmaceutical industry is not only playing a key role in promoting and sustaining development in the vital field of medicine within the country, but is also well set to take on the international markets.
The total initial project cost for setting up a single outlet is estimated at Rs. 5.99 million out of which Rs. 2.16 million is capital cost and Rs. 3.83 million as working capital. The project is proposed to be financed through 50% debt and 50% equity. The project NPV is projected around Rs. 3.73 million, with an IRR of 28% and payback period of 4.16 years. The legal business status of this project is proposed as ‘Sole Proprietorship’.
Products Sold at Medical Stores in Pakistan
The proposed medical store will be offering a blend of different products. Percentage quantity of each item offered on the store is based on a survey of distribution companies. Following is the list of products, which are to be offered at the medical store:
- Products of Multinational Companies
- Products of National Companies
- Herbal Products
- Food Supplements
- Sanitation Products
Areas of Pakistan Where Medical Store Should be Opened
A medical store should be easily accessible and should have considerable population concentration. It is proposed that the outlets may be opened in the big cities of Punjab i.e. Lahore, Faisalabad, Multan, Rawalpindi, Sialkot, etc. But specifically this prefeasibility study proposes any suitable location in Lahore.
The major target market for this store are the people living in middle, upper middle and upper class residential areas in the vicinity of the medical store.
Factors for Success of a Medical Store Business in Pakistan
Some of the Key Success factors that will determine the success of this project include:
- Availability of complete product range.
- Availability of regular medicine supplies.
- A well trained Pharmacist.
- Reasonable and competitive prices.
- Inventory control to avoid any pilferage
Major Suppliers of Medicines in Pakistan
For a successful medical store business, there must be an authentic & regular supply of medicines. Following is a list of medicine suppliers in Pakistan:
- Abbott Laboratories (Pakistan) Limited Hyderabad Road, Landhi, Karachi. Contact: +92-21-111-222-688
- Hilton Pharma (Pvt.) Ltd. Progressive Plaza, Beaumont Road, Karachi, Pakistan. Contact: +92-21-111-123-000
- AGP (Private) Limited B-23, S.I.T.E., Karachi Pakistan. Contact: +92-21-111-247-247
- Merck (Private) Limited D-7, Shaheed e Millat Road, Karachi. Contact: +92-21-111-523-523
- Sami Pharmaceuticals 34-C, Block-6, P.E.C.H.S., Karachi. Contact: +92-21-34527490-92
- Martin Dow Limited No. 37, Sector 19, Korangi Industrial Area, Karachi Pakistan. Contact: +92-21-350605 51-5
Financial Requirements for a Medical Store in Pakistan
A detailed financial model has been developed to analyze the commercial viability of medical store. Various costs and revenue related assumptions along with results of the analysis are outlined in this section. The projected income statement, cash flow statement and balance sheet can be studied in the pre-feasibility study for a medical store in Pakistan by SMEDA.
License Requirements for a Medical Store in Pakistan
The licensing authority shall not issue a license without inspection report by a committee comprising of Secretary of the District Board or the Area Drugs Inspector. The licensing authority shall issue a license in Form 9 or Form 10 subject to the conditions stated in the license and to the following general conditions:
- In the case of a pharmacy, the person shall display the word “Pharmacy” outside wall of the pharmacy in white writing on a green colored signboard having minimum length of 5 feet and width of 2.5 feet and in the case of a medical store, the person shall display the words “Medical Store” in white writing on a blue colored signboard with the same minimum dimensions as required for a pharmacy.
- A person who is registered under section 24 (1) (a) of the Pharmacy Act 1967 (XI of 1967) shall personally supervise the sale of drugs under license in Form 9 (pharmacy) and a person who is registered under section 24 (1) of the said Act shall personally supervise sale of drugs under license in Form 10 (medical store)
- The supply of a drug shall be recorded suitably and the records, the bills or the counterfoils shall be preserved for a period of at least three years from the date of the sale
- A drug specified in the Schedules B and D and a preparation containing such drug shall not be sold except on and in accordance with the prescription (original to be retained by the pharmacy or the medical store) of a registered medical practitioner; a prescription may be dispensed with in case of an emergency (recorded in writing in the register); and no such prescription shall be required for sale of the drug to a registered medical practitioner, a hospital dispensary or any other institution.
- Subject to rule 1, a licensee of a medical store shall not sell or store a drug mentioned in the Schedule G
The sale of a drug specified in the Schedules B and D shall be recorded at the time of supply in a register specially maintained for the purpose and the serial number of the entry in the register shall be entered in the prescription, and the following particulars shall be entered in the register:
- S. No.
- Date of Sale
- Name of the prescriber
- Name of the patient
- Name of the drug
- Name of the manufacturer
- Quantity sold
- Batch No
- Signature of the qualified person
- Quantity purchased and balance.
If the drug specified in the Schedule D is sold on a prescription on which the drug has been sold on a previous occasion, it shall be sufficient if the entry in the register includes Sr. No., the date of sale; the quantity sold; and a sufficient reference to an entry in the register recording the sale of the drug on the previous occasion.
For the purpose of this rule, a prescription shall:
- Be in writing and be signed by the person giving it with his usual signature and be dated by him
- Specify the name and address of the person for whose treatment it is given
- Indicate the total quantity of the drug to be supplied and dose to be taken.
- An invoice or a bill for the purchase of a drug shall be preserved for a period of at least three years.
- A manufacturer, importer or the seller of a drug shall sell the drug only to a holder of a valid drug sale license or to a registered medical practitioner and shall issue an invoice and warranty at the time of sale of the drug.
- In case of sale of a drug to a registered medical practitioner, the manufacturer, importer or seller of a drug shall send a copy of the invoice and warranty to the Inspector.
- A registered medical practitioner or a doctor of veterinary medicine is exempted from the requirement of a drug sale license, if, the drug is for his patients or the record of a drug specified in the Schedules B and D is maintained as prescribed under this rule. Provided that no pharmacy or medical store shall be allowed except and in accordance with the provisions of these rules.
- The invoice and warranty shall bear the full name and address of the purchaser and shall be signed by the warrantor clearly indicating his name and shall be dated.
- Except as otherwise provided in these rules, a record required to be maintained under these rules shall be preserved for a period of not less than three years from the date of the last entry.
- The licensee shall produce for inspection by an Inspector on demand a register or record maintained under these rules, and shall supply to the Inspector such information as the Inspector may require.
- A substance that falls under the list of poisons in the Schedule E shall be stored in a container, impervious to the poison, and sufficiently stout to prevent leakage arising from the ordinary risks of handling and transport.
- A substance that fall in the list of poisons under the Schedule E when compounded and dispensed shall be labeled with the word “Poison”.
The manufacturer, importer or seller of a drug shall maintain record of purchase or sale of a drug and shall preserve the record for a at least three years containing the following particulars:
- The date of purchase or sale
- The name and address of the concern from which the drug is purchased or the concern to whom the drug is sold
- The name of the drug, its batch number, the date of its expiry and the quantity of the drug
- The name of the manufacturer.
A substance specified in the Schedule E and that fall under the list of poisons and the drug specified in the Schedule B shall be stored in:
- In a part of the promises to which customers do not have access
- In a locked cupboard or drawer, reserved solely for the storage of the substance or the drug.
Conditions for Issuance of Medical Store Licenses in Pakistan
The licensing authority shall not issue a license in Form 9 (pharmacy) and Form 10 (medical store) unless:
The premises has proper and adequate facility for storage of drugs and for their protection from direct sunlight, dust or dirt, including refrigeration facility
The premises is clean, hygienic and in tidy condition
In the case of a license of a pharmacy in which preparation or compounding of a drug is undertaken, the premises has fulfilled the requirements contained in the Schedule F
The covered area of the premises of a pharmacy is not be less than 140 square feet with minimum breadth of 8 feet in the front and height of 8 feet and in case of a medical store, 96 square feet with minimum breadth of 8 feet and height of 8 feet
The applicant is not a convict who has been sentenced for imprisonment for a period of one year or more or sentenced to pay fine of thirty thousand rupees or more for manufacturing or selling spurious drugs
A person who is registered under section 24 (1) (a) of the Pharmacy Act 1967 (XI of 1967)
Application and Fee for Pharmacy License in Pakistan
A person may apply to the licensing authority for the grant or renewal of a license referred to in rule 14 in Form 8(A) or Form 8(B). The applicant shall deposit the fee for a license in the Head of Account No. 1252-Health-Other Receipt, at the following rates:
- Three thousand rupees for a license of a pharmacy and two thousand rupees for a license of a medical store
- Two thousand rupees for renewal of a license of a pharmacy and one thousand rupees for renewal of a license of a medical store
The licensing authority shall issue or renew a license subject to the conditions prescribed in the Act and the rules. The applicant shall pay 50% of the fee for change of the qualified person or the duplicate copy of the license.
If a person desires to sell, store, exhibit for sale or distribute drugs at more than one place, he shall apply for a separate license in respect of each place. Provision of sub-rule (1) shall not apply in case the drugs are properly stored in a godown, used only for storage of drugs and which meets the storage conditions and is enlisted along with its complete address on the license.
Duration of Medical Store License in Pakistan
- A license issued or renewed under these rules shall unless suspended or cancelled earlier, remain in force for two years from the date of issue.
- If a person fails to apply for the renewal of a license within thirty days after the expiry of the license, his license shall stand cancelled.
- If a person applies for the renewal of a license within thirty days after the expiry of the license, his license shall remain enforce until an order on the application is passed by the licensing authority.
- The licensing authority shall issue a receipt of an application of a license or renewal of a license.
- The licensing authority shall dispose of an application for a license or renewal of a license within 45 days of the receipt of the application.
- If the licensing authority fails to dispose of the application within the specified time, it shall record reasons for its failure.
- If in the opinion of the licensing authority, it is not expedient in public interest to grant a license, it may refuse the application.
- The licensing authority shall not renew a license without an inspection report of the Inspector.