Requirements for Cattle/Calf Farming in Pakistan

In calf fattening business, calves are raised on nutritionally balanced feed to get targeted weight gain in a specified time. These calves are grown in groups and each batch stays on farm for a period of 120 days. The expected live body weight gain ranges between 700 – 850 grams/day. Higher yields are achievable with better farm management, and by selecting better quality breeds. Calves are raised in rural and semi-urban areas and sold in urban markets normally in livestock markets (Mandies).

Cattle farming & calf fattening farm that is suggested in this article is based on raising 180 calves per year at the farm premises. The calves, preferably males, between 9-12 months of age, are fed on nutritionally balanced concentrate ration or Total Mixed Ration (TMR) as major source of energy and protein for a period of 120 days to get higher body weight gain. Live weight of these calves is around 100 kg. If these calves are fed properly on formulated fattening feed, an additional weight up to 96-100 kg can be achieved. The daily weight gain varies between 700 to 850 grams depending on the quality of feed given to them. The subject business can be set-up at any appropriate location with easy availability of fodder and water. There is a year-round market, however, the demand increases before occasions like Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Azha. On these occasions, well fed animals are sold at premium price higher than usual weight based price.

Metropolitan cities like Lahore, Multan, Bahawalpur, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, Karachi, Hyderabad, Quetta, Ziarat, Peshawar, D.I. Khan etc. are major markets of meat. The rural and peri-urban areas around these and other major cities across the country with abundant water and availability of fodder make a better choice for such farming; provided access to livestock mandies and veterinary services is ensured.

Apart from Sialkot, Jhang, Rahim Yar Khan, Bahawalnagar, Bahawalpur, Sahiwal in the Punjab, livestock markets in peri-urban locations of all cities of other provinces such as Karachi, Hyderabad, Nawabshah, Larkana, Dadu, Qila saifullah, Panjgur, Pishin, Quetta, Bannu, Laki Marwat, Kohat, Peshawar are primary markets, in addition to specially arranged locations for larger cities during Eid festival in the urban markets. Normally animals are sold on ‘Live Body Weight’ basis; the price of fattened calves varies according to animals’ health and market conditions. Following are some of the target clients for farmers;

Calf Fattening Procedure in Pakistan

Selection of animals based on breed and age: There is no beef breed developed in country. It is recommended that calves (preferably male) of local cattle breeds such as Sahiwal, Cholistani and Red Sindhi may be selected, however, calves of Tharparkar, Rojhan, Dhanni, Lohani, Bhagnari may also be considered for fattening purpose. For sacrificial purpose, the cross bred calves of Brahaman, Angus and Charolais etc. are also considered. The Sahiwal and Cholistani male calves are raised for good meat production and dressing percentage i.e. 55%. After fattening, the fat to muscle composition is also acceptable. The carcass weight is desirable by meat traders and exporters.

Selection of animals with excellent body score and health conditions: initial live body weight should be around 100 kgs at 9-12 months of age. Little emaciated animals may also be accepted for fattening as research shows that these animals respond efficiently in terms of feed efficiency.

Housing: A good housing leads to good management practices and ultimately optimum production. Generally, housing should be:

  • Less expensive
  • Well ventilated, comfortable and dry with hygienic environment
  • Easy drainage and removal of dung urine and waste material
  • Protective from extreme environmental conditions
  • Maximum sun exposure: axis of length to be east to west
  • Availability of feed and water for 24 hours
  • Planed so that future expansion may be possible when required

Feeding: Adequate weight gain through the use of balanced feed purchased from well reputed companies or formulated accordingly. Animal should be fed Total Mixed Ration (TMR) @ 3-3.5 % of live body weight. Additionally, urea molasses blocks and salt blocks can help in better daily weight gains. Green fodder is offered at 5% of body weight (wet basis) to every animal.

Watering: Daily supply of clean drinking water in clean troughs i.e. 15 to 20 liters of water consumption/animal/day maintains the production capacity of the animal. Due to TMR and salt offered, animal tends to consume more water.

Disease management: De-worming for endoparasitic infestations is necessary in each batch shortly after arrival at farm. Timely vaccination against infectious diseases should be done as a prophylactic measure. At a well managed farm, mortality should not exceed 2-3 % per year in the fattened animals.

Record keeping for each batch: The animals should be ear tagged on arrival at the farm. The information to be recorded includes breed of animal, initial live weight of animal, age of animals, date of purchase etc. The records for regular weight gain, medication and de-worming etc. are also important.

Culling: Selection of good productive animals and regular culling of uneconomical animal.

Regular technical assistance from the livestock professionals and experts.

Investment Required for Cattle/Calf Farming in Pakistan

An estimated investment of Rs 1.82 million is required to setup cattle/calf fattening farm in Pakistan, out of which capital investment is Rs. 0.25 million and working capital is Rs. 1.57 million. The Internal Rate of Return (IRR), Net Present Value (NPV) & payback period of the project are 51%, Rs.9.85 million and 3.14 years respectively. Details of these financials can be studied in the business plan of calf fattening farm in Pakistan by SMEDA.


  1. hey em from kahror pacca zilaa lodhran i want to sale my animals who is interested contact me 03008873191 Furqan ahmed

  2. Assalam O Alaikum
    I am looking for land near Islamabad for cattle farming on theka, if any one have land, please feel free to contact me

  3. I have recently started cattle farming business in Karachi and I am looking forward to purchase and sale of cattle farm animals.
    I am also interested in import and export of animals for meat purpose overseas, interested people can contact me at the following.

    Whatsapp me for further details and queries or send me an email at :


    1. I can supply calves as per your specifications in Karachi. Please send detail email on your requirements.whattsApp 03215371400

    1. A.A
      This is Nouman Khan, i have just started cattle fattening farm near rawalpindi, Sir if you have livestock on negotiable price nd in good health kindly do text me on my cell number 03005167122..
      It would be highly appreciated.

  4. I have a fertile land and im looking for a company who invest his money on my land and make cattle farm there ,is there any company wants to invest his money he can contact with me. My cellphone number is 03057122335

  5. I am an overseas Pakistani and interested to building cattle fattening farm. The basic problem is labour, please advise me that. How to get good labour especially supervisor level.


    1. Dear Imran. AOA. I am Warasat Chishti , basically from Lahore but cultivating my own land in Depalpur (between Okara & Pakpattan. I have planned to start the business in Cattle Farming for Qurbani purpose. I have reserved 3 kila land for this purpose. As you have shown your interest in this sector, I invite you with open heart to join with me as a joint venture / partner. If you are interested too, kindly contact me back via email or phone.

      Looking forward for your prompt response in this regard.

      With best regards
      Warasat Chishti
      mob: 0321-8422902

    2. Please contact me. I’m give you best labour and supervisor etc.I have personal agri land and also build up Dairyfarm and i have good experience about the Farming.
      My Email address :
      My Contact Number :

    3. aoa how r u i hope u will be fine i am from kasur
      i am also looking for new setup for cattle farming in kasur. i saw your comment here i think i should talk to u.. if u intrested in patnership business u can contact me through 03008533068 or
      thank u

    4. salam, Pls contact us for any such requirement. We can also provide you the live coverage on your mobile to see what actually is happening at your place .

    5. I have a fertile land and im looking for a company who invest his money on my land and make cattle farm there ,is there any company wants to invest his money he can contact with me.I provide labour and land my cell no 03008102320

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