Pakistan Environmental Protection Act, 1997 is the basic environmental law of Pakistan. The apex body established under the act, 1997 is the Pakistan Environmental Protection Council. There also exists Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency (federal agency) under the Pakistan Environmental Protection Council. Apart from the said Federal Agency Provincial Environmental Protection Agencies also exist in each province of Pakistan.
Section 12 of the act, 1997 requires to the industries that “No proponent of a prescribed project shall commence construction or operation unless he has filed the Initial Environmental Examination (IEE), or, where the project is likely to cause adverse environmental effects an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), with environmental protection agency. IEA and EIA shall be prepared in the light of guidelines issued by the Federal Environmental Protection Agency.
Requirements for Initial Environmental Examination (IEE) & Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) in Pakistan (List of Environmental Laws and Regulations in Pakistan)
The following are the requirements for filing of IEE and EIA in Pakistan:
- Ten paper copies and two electronic copies of an IEE or EIA shall be filed with the federal Agency
- The application should be accompanied by a copy of receipt showing payment of the Review Fee.
- The IEE & EIA review fees are: there’s no fee for a project cost of up to Rs. 5,000,000. For a project costing up to Rs. 10,000,000, the IEE review fee is Rs. 10,000 & EIA review fee is Rs. 15,000. For a projecting costing above Rs. 10,000,000, the IEE review fee is Rs. 15,000 & EIA review fee is Rs. 30,000
- Within 10 working days of filing of the IEE or EIA, the Federal Agency shall confirm that the IEE or EIA is complete for purposes of initiation of the review process or require the applicant to submit such additional information as may be specified; or return the IEE or EIA to the applicant for revision, clearly listing the points requiring further study and discussion.
- As per Regulation 11 of the said regulations, upon acceptance of an IEE or EIA for review process, the Federal Agency shall make every effort to carry out its review of the IEE within 45 days and of the EIA within 90 days.
- On completion of the review, the Federal Agency shall communicate its decision to the applicant. The said approval given by the Federal Agency shall be valid, for the commencement of construction, for a period of three years from the date of issuance.
- Apart from the above requirement of filing EIA, Industrial units are also required to comply with the National Environmental Quality Standards (Self Monitoring and Reporting By Industry) Rules, 2001 (hereinafter referred as “the rules, 2001).
- The rules, 2001 have established an honor-based self-monitoring and reporting system. Rule 3 puts obligations upon all the industries to submit Environmental Monitoring Reports to the Federal Environmental Protecting Agency timely and correctly.
- Under rules 4, 5, 6 and 7 the industrial units have been categorized into A, B and C for the liquid effluents and into A and B for gaseous emission. The industries fall under category A are required to send their report on monthly basis to their respective Provincial Environmental Protection Agency and Federal Environmental Protection Agency. The industries fall under category B and C are required to submit their report on quarterly and biannual basis respectively.
- To comply with the above requirements you may consult with the Environmental Consulting Firms. For your convenience, the list of consulting firms working in Sindh region and addresses of Federal and Provincial Environmental Protection Agencies annexed herewith for ready reference.
List of Projects Requiring Initial Environmental Examination (IEE) in Pakistan
Agriculture, Livestock, and Fisheries Sector
- Poultry, livestock, stud and fish farms with total cost more than Rs. 10 million
- Projects involving repacking, formulation or warehousing of agricultural products
- Hydroelectric power generation less than 50 MW
- Thermal power generation less than 200 KW
- Transmission lines less than 11 KV, and large distribution projects
- Oil and gas transmission systems
- Oil and gas extraction projects including exploration, production, gathering systems, separation and storage
- Waste-to-energy generation projects
Manufacturing and Processing Sector
- Ceramics and glass units with total cost more than Rs. 50 million
- Food processing industries including sugar mills, beverages, milk and dairy products, with total cost less than Rs. 100 million
- Man-made fibers and resin projects with total cost less than Rs.100 million
- Manufacturing of apparel, including dyeing and printing, with total cost more than Rs. 25 million
- Wood products with total cost more than Rs. 25 million
Mining and Mineral Processing Sector
- Commercial extraction of sand, gravel, limestone, clay, sulfur and other minerals with total cost less than Rs. 100 million.
- Crushing, grinding and separation processes
- Smelting plants with total cost less than Rs. 50 million
- Federal or Provincial highways (except maintenance, rebuilding or reconstruction of existing metaled road) with total cost less than Rs. 50 million
- Ports and harbor development for ships less than 500 gross tons
Water Management, Dams, Irrigation and Flood Protection
- Dams and reservoirs with storage volume less than 50 million cubic meters of surface area less than 8 square kilometers
- Irrigation and drainage projects serving less than 15000 hectares
- Small-scale irrigation systems with total cost less than Rs. 50 million
Water supply and Treatment
- Water supply schemes and treatment plants with total cost less than Rs. 25 million
- Waste disposal facility for domestic or industrial wastes, with annual capacity less than 10000 cubic meters
Urban Development and Tourism
- Housing schemes
- Public facilities with significant off-site impacts (e.g. hospital wastes)
- Urban development projects
List of Projects Requiring Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) in Pakistan
- Hydroelectric power generation over 50 MW
- Thermal power generation over 200 MW
- Transmission lines (11 KV and above) and grid stations
- Nuclear power plans
- Petroleum refineries
Manufacturing and Processing Sector
- Cement plants
- Chemical projects
- Fertilizer plants
- Food processing industries including sugar mills, beverages, milk and dairy products, with total cost of Rs. 100 million and above
- Industrial estates (including processing zones)
- Man-made fibers and resin projects with total cost of Rs. 100 M and above
- Pesticides (manufacturer or formulation)
- Petrochemical complex
- Synthetic resins, plastics and man made fibers, paper and paperboard, paper pulping, plastic products, textiles (except apparel), printing and publishing, paints and dyes, oils and fats and vegetable ghee projects, with total cost more than Rs. 10 million
- Tanning and leather finishing projects
Mining and Mineral Processing Sector
- Mining and processing of coal, gold, copper, sulfur and precious stones
- Mining and processing of major non-ferrous metals, iron and steel rolling
- Smelting plants with total cost of Rs. 50 million and above
- Federal or Provincial highways or major roads (except maintenance, rebuilding or reconstruction of existing roads) with total cost of Rs. 50 million and above
- Ports and harbor development for ships of 500 gross tons and above
- Railway works
Water Management, Dams, Irrigation and Flood Protection Sector
- Dams and reservoirs with storage volume of 50 million cubic meters and above or surface area of 8 square kilometers and above
- Irrigation and drainage projects serving 15000 hectares and above
Water Supply and Treatment Sector
- Water supply schemes and treatment plants with total cost of Rs. 25 million and above
- Waste disposal and/or storage of hazardous or toxic wastes (including landfill sites, incineration of hospital toxic waste)
- Waste disposal facilities for domestic or industrial wastes, with annual capacity more than 10000 cubic meters
Urban Development and Tourism Sector
- Land use studies and urban plans (large cities)
- Large-scale tourism development projects with total cost more than Rs. 50 million
Environmental Sensitive Areas
All projects situated in environmentally sensitive areas of Pakistan
For more information, the list of environment protection agencies of Pakistan with their contact numbers can be viewed.