Insomnia: Signs, Causes, Types and Treatment of Sleeping Disorder

When you struggle to sleep despite of being tired or wake up in the middle of night, difficult  to sleep again then you are suffering from insomnia. Insomnia is the sleeping disorder defined as the inability to fall asleep or stay asleep at night. The problem that causes insomnia differs from person to person.Insomnia is typically followed by daytime sleepiness, low energy, irritability, fatigue and depressed mood. It is also becoming common in Pakistan these days, however it can be cured. But first take an overview of insomnia.

Signs and SymptomsThese are some of the symptoms insomniac may face. It includes,

  • Difficulty falling asleep despite being tired
  • Waking up frequently during the night
  • Trouble getting back to sleep when awakened
  • Unrefreshing sleep
  • Relying on sleeping pills  to fall asleep
  • Waking up too early in the morning
  • Daytime drowsiness, fatigue, or irritability
  • Difficulty concentrating during the day
  • Mood disturbance

Causes of Insomnia

There could be a lot of reasons for insomnia, major includes psychiatric conditions such as depression, anxiety, tensions. Insomnia can be triggered by your behaviors and sleep patterns. Unhealthy lifestyles and sleep habits can create insomnia on their own.Sometimes neurotransmitters in the brain that are known to be involved with sleep and wakefulness may cause insomnia. Emotional or physical discomfort is one of the factor. Eating unhealthy food also contribute to onset of the disorder. Abuse of over the counter or prescription sleep aids also contributes to it.

Types of Insomnia

There are two types of insomnia described basically as

  • Acute Insomnia

It is the inability to sleep well for a period of less than a month. It may be due to distractions or tensions but tends to resolve without any treatment.

  • Chronic Insomnia

It lasts for longer than a month. It can be caused by another disorder. People with high levels of stress hormones or shifts in the levels of cytokinins are more likely than others to have chronic insomnia. Its effects can vary according to its causes. They might include muscular weariness,hallucinations,mental fatigue and double vision.

Prevention and Treatment

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is much more effective in addressing insomnia. CBT is a form of psychotherapy that treats problems by modifying negative thoughts, emotions, and patterns of behavior. Going to sleep and waking up at the same time every day can create a steady pattern which may help to prevent or treat insomnia.Avoidance of strenuous exercise and any caffeinated drinks a few hours before going to sleep is recommended, while exercise earlier in the day is beneficial. Sleeping pills are also provides as an alternatives. Non medicated based techniques involves music, counting sheep and backward counting.

This is how you can overcome your sleepless nights and enjoy your dreamy nights and get relaxed to freshen and lighten up your day.

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