This article is a about setting up a veterinary clinic or animal hospital in Pakistan. Veterinary medicine is the branch of science that deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of disease, disorder and injury in animals. Infectious diseases in animals pose a major threat to animal health and productivity, thereby leading to overall economic loss. The most common diseases are Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD), diarrhea, fever, respiratory inspections like pneumonia etc. However, these diseases can be cured through an early diagnosis and proper treatment.
As compared to animal population, the ratio of veterinary clinics is far less in Pakistan. This creates an opportunity for setting up a veterinary clinic. The clinic can be established in rented premises having a covered area of around 3,000 sq. ft. The project will provide medical facilities such as health check, vaccination, and major & minor surgeries to livestock. The clinic shall have its own laboratory and pharmacy run by a licensed veterinary compounder. The services will be extended not only to the farmers bringing in their animals to the clinic, but field visits will also be carried out to provide on-site diagnosis and medication.
The proposed location should be near an area where population of animals is significant. Thus location for the veterinary clinic is suggested to be at Sahiwal, Pakpattan, Okara, Sargodha, Sheikhupura, Faislabad, Jhang, Sialkot, Peshawar Charsadda, D. I. Khan, Sukkur, Hyderabad, Karachi, Dadu, Lasbela, Qilla Saifullah and other similar cities/areas.
The total project cost for veterinary clinic in Pakistan is estimated at Rs. 1.81 million, out of which capital cost is Rs. 1.41 million and working capital Rs. 0.4 million. The project is proposed to be financed through 90% debt and 10% equity. The project Net Present Value (NPV) is calculated to be around Rs. 2.22 million, with an Internal Rate of Return (IRR) of 30% and payback period of 3.31 years. It is assumed that the clinic shall handle 4,500 cases per year. Details of these financials can be studied in the guide of how to start a veterinary clinic in Pakistan by SMEDA.