In Pakistan, sheep farming & goat farming are one of the most profitable livestock businesses that require low investment (investment of approximately PKR 2 million). The suggested sheep farm should be established in sheep rearing areas of country where range grazing is available. In Balochistan Southern, Northern & Central are suitable areas to establish sheep farm. Major production areas in Balochistan include Kalat, Khuzdar, Kharan, Mastung, Noshki Mashkel, Sibi, Naseerabad, Jaffarabad, Kohlo, Dera Bugti, Killa Saifullah, Ziarat, Loralai, Zhob, Barkhan and Lasbela Districts.
Livestock in Balochistan holds great potential towards contributing to increased incomes of the farmers. Growth in output has varied over the years, but in general has barely kept pace with population growth. In Balochistan, contribution of livestock is estimated to be 40% towards agriculture. Livestock is the main source of income of more than 75% of the people inhabiting the countryside of Balochistan.
Target market should be the areas where breeding is being undertaken as well as major cities like Karachi, Lahore, Rawalpindi, Islamabad, Peshawar etc. In addition to local markets there is an enormous meat export potential to Middle Eastern countries.
The sheep farm under consideration will start production with 315 sheep (70% of total capacity). The farm will achieve maximum capacity of 405 sheep (90% of total capacity) in its 7th year. The limit of 450 sheep has been imposed on the farm because a very large flock would be difficult to manage. The farm would focus on rearing of young stock for fattening and marketing. Lambs from six to eight months of age will be purchased and resold in the market after a fattening period of 120 days.
Sheep Farming Procedure in Pakistan
Animals selected for fattening should be from six to eight months of age. At this age the animal is weaned and starts eating green fodder and grass. As compared to grown up sheep the daily weight-gain capacity is also better at this age. Weight and age of all the selected animals should also be similar otherwise the larger and older animals would not let the smaller animals to eat feed according to their requirement. Selected animals should not be sick, weak or with physical disabilities.
Sheep Breed Selection for Farming in Pakistan
The farmers should not only select good quality breed which can bring better results for fattening but also select most suitable animals from the selected breed. Through better management, the weight gain of these selected breeds would be higher. The most suitable breeds for fattening include Balochi, “Harnai” and “Bibrik” sheep. The farmer not only has to select the better breed which can bring results for fattening but also have to select most suitable animals from the selected breed. Through better management, the weight gain of these selected breeds would be higher. The animals should be tagged on arrival to the farm. The information to be recorded includes breed, live weight, age and date of purchase etc.
Balochi Sheep Breed
Balochi sheep is a large sized fat tailed breed, found in Central, Southern and some South-western parts of the Balochistan. It is used for meat and milk. Coarse wool is also collected from it. Its fleece is white with pigmented head and legs. Body weight of adult varies between 35 and 40 Kg, milk yield is between 40-50 kg in a period of about 125 days. The average fleece production is 1.3 – 1.8 kg.
Bibrik Sheep Breed
It is a fat and short tailed, mutton type sheep that is found in parts of Loralai Kohlu, Bugti, Barkhan, Musakhel and Sibi districts in Balochistan province. It is a medium size breed. Body color is white with black or brown head. The wool yield is about 1.7 kg. Average adult live-weight is 27 kg.
Harnai Sheep Breed
Harnai is a fat tail, mutton / wool type breed. It is found in parts of Loralai, Quetta, Sibi and Zhob districts in Balochistan. It is medium sized with a white body coat and a black or tan spotted head and ears. The wool yield is 2.6 kg with medium fiber diameter. Its wool is dense and heavy. Average adult body weight is around 30-32 kg. The breed also produces excellent quality mutton.
Investment Required for Sheep Farming in Pakistan
Project cost estimate is Rs. 2.19 Million with fixed investment of Rs. 1.29 Million and working capital Rs. 0.90 Million. Given the cost assumptions, IRR and payback are 46% and 3.10 years respectively. Detailed financial analysis can be studied in the sheep farming business plan in Pakistan by SMEDA.