We hear this name come up often and acknowledge that it is a serious thing, but do we even really understand what it is?
AIDS is a set of symptoms (or syndrome) caused by the HIV virus. HIV is a virus that attacks the immune system, which is our body’s natural defense against illness.
AIDS itself is not a virus. A person is said to have AIDS when their immune system is too weak to fight off infection, and they develop certain defining symptoms and illnesses. This is the last stage of HIV, when the infection is very advanced, and if left untreated will lead to death.
AIDS basically stands for acquired immune deficiency syndrome. As of right now, there is no cure for HIV. But it is important to be educated about this virus and try to steer clear from it in the first place.
In 2009, according to a report by the UNAIDS estimates, about 97,000 people had HIV in Pakistan. This was reported due to the main social stigma about HIV, the limited counseling and testing systems, and the lack of knowledge and education amongst the general crowd about this in the people and health professionals.
The general public of the country is still ignorant to this problems rising day by day and even if they do find out, the only response received is disapproving head shakes and foul language towards people who end up with this.
But the need of the time is to stop disregarding the people affected by this virus and actually do something to stop this disease from spreading.
Caused by sexual transmission, perinatal transmission, and blood transmission, AIDS is a disease that has no cure or vaccine. The most that can be done is through treatments that keep patients at bay with their ill conditions, but the most is to spread knowledge and awareness on the matter so that people can practice safe methods for a healthy life.